How to Install Nagios 4.0.8 (Monitoring Server) on Ubuntu 14.10, 14.04 LTS and 12.04 LTS

Nagios is the most popular, open source, powerful monitoring system for any kind of infrastructure. It enables organizations to identify and resolve IT infrastructure problems before they affect critical business processes. Nagios has capability of monitoring application, services, entire IT infrastructure.

nagios-core

This article will help you to setup Nagios Monitoring Server on Ubuntu 14.10, 14.04 LTS and 12.04 LTS and Debian systems. After completed this article, you will like to follow below article.

How to Monitor remote Linux host using Nagios
How to Monitor remote Windows host using Nagios

Install Required Packages and Dependencies

We assume that you have fresh installed Ubuntu/Debian systems, So our first requirement is to install Apache and PHP first. Use the following commands to complete it. You can find detailed LAMP setup instructionhere.

Install Required Packages:

$ sudo apt-get install wget apache2 apache2-utils php5 libapache2-mod-php5 build-essential libgd2-xpm-dev

Start Services:

$ service apache2 start

Setup User Account for Nagios

Now create a new nagios user account and setup a password to this account

$ sudo useradd nagios
$ sudo passwd nagios

Now create a groud for nagios setup “nagcmd” and add nagios user to this group. Also add nagios user in apache group.

$ sudo groupadd nagcmd
$ sudo usermod -a -G nagcmd nagios
$ sudo usermod -a -G nagcmd www-data

Installing Nagios Core Service

After installing required dependencies and adding user accounts. Lets start with Nagios core installation. Download latest nagios core service from official site.

$ cd /opt/
$ wget http://prdownloads.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/nagios/nagios-4.0.8.tar.gz
$ tar xzf nagios-4.0.8.tar.gz
$ cd nagios-4.0.8
$ sudo ./configure --with-command-group=nagcmd
$ sudo make all
$ sudo make install
$ sudo make install-init
$ sudo make install-config
$ sudo make install-commandmode

Now create nagios apache2 configuration file.

$ sudo vim /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/nagios.conf
ScriptAlias /nagios/cgi-bin "/usr/local/nagios/sbin"

<Directory "/usr/local/nagios/sbin">
   Options ExecCGI
   AllowOverride None
   Order allow,deny
   Allow from all
   AuthName "Restricted Area"
   AuthType Basic
   AuthUserFile /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users
   Require valid-user
</Directory>

Alias /nagios "/usr/local/nagios/share"

<Directory "/usr/local/nagios/share">
   Options None
   AllowOverride None
   Order allow,deny
   Allow from all
   AuthName "Restricted Area"
   AuthType Basic
   AuthUserFile /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users
   Require valid-user
</Directory>

Configuring Apache Authentication

We need to setup apache authentication for user nagiosadmin. Untill more specific reason use this user name as “nagiosadmin” else you would required more changes in configuration.

$ htpasswd -c /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users nagiosadmin

Now restart Apache service to make the new settings take effect.

$ service apache2 restart

Installing Nagios Plugins

After installing and configuring Nagios core service, Download latest nagios-plugins source and install using following commands.

$ cd /opt
$ wget http://nagios-plugins.org/download/nagios-plugins-2.0.3.tar.gz
$ tar xzf nagios-plugins-2.0.3.tar.gz
$ cd nagios-plugins-2.0.3

Now compile and install nagios plugins

$ sudo ./configure --with-nagios-user=nagios --with-nagios-group=nagios
$ sudo make
$ sudo make install

Verify Configuration and Start Nagios

Use the following commands to verify Nagios install and start Nagios core service.

$ /usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg
$ service nagios start

Also configure Nagios to auto start on system boot.

$ ln -s /etc/init.d/nagios /etc/rcS.d/S99nagios

Access Nagios Web Interface

Access your nagios setup by access nagios server using hostname or ip address followed by /nagios.
[change domain name with your domain or ip]

 http://svr1.tecadmin.net/nagios/

Prompting for Apache Authentication Password –
nagios-web-interface-login

Nagios After login screen –
nagios-web-interface

Now you have successfully installed and configured Nagios Monitoring Server core service in your system.

How to Monitor Remote Linux Host using Nagios and NRPE

NRPE is known as Nagios Remote Plugin Executor. The NRPE add-on is designed to execute plugins on remote Nix systems. In this setup NRPE daemon is installed on remote system to which services need to monitor through nagios server. NRPE runs as daemon on remote systems and wait for nagios requests. When nagios server need to check status of any resources or applications to that remote host, sends and commands signal, which command definition is stored on NRPE service. NRPE takes nagios server request and execute command on local system and sends the result back to nagios.

nagios-nrpe-monitoring

This article will help you to install NRPE service on your Linux system and add host in nagios for monitoring.

Step 1: Setup NRPE Service on Linux Host

1.1- Install NRPE

Firstly we would require to install nrpe service on remote Linux system, which we need to monitory through nagios server.

On CentOS/RHEL/Fedora

# yum install nrpe nagios-plugins\*

On Debian/Ubuntu/LinuxMint

# sudo apt-get install nagios-nrpe-server nagios-plugins

1.2- Configure NRPE

After successfully installing NRPE service, Edit nrpe configuration file (/etc/nagios/nrpe.cfg) in your favorite editor and add your nagios service ip in allowed hosts. For example your nagios server ip is 192.168.1.100.

# vim /etc/nagios/nrpe.cfg
allowed_hosts=127.0.0.1, 192.168.1.100

After making above changes in nrpe configuration file, Lets restart NRPE service as per your system

On CentOS/RHEL/Fedora 
# service nrpe restart

On Debian/Ubuntu/LinuxMint
$ sudo /etc/init.d/nagios-nrpe-server restart

1.3- Verify Connectivity from Nagios

Now make sure your nagios is able to connect nrpe client on remote Linux system. Login to your nagios server from command line and execute following command. For example your client system ip is 192.168.1.11

# /usr/local/nagios/libexec/check_nrpe -H 192.168.1.11

NRPE v2.14

Step 2: Add Linux Host in Nagios

We recommend to use NagiosQL3 web interface for managing configuration of nagios server. Below steps is for CLI lovers. To add host in your nagios server from command line.

First create a configuration file/usr/local/nagios/etc/servers/MyLinuxHost001.cfg using below values. for example you Linux hosts ip is 192.168.1.11. We also need to define a service with host. So add a ping check service, which will continuously check that host is up or not.

# vim /usr/local/nagios/etc/servers/MyLinuxHost001.cfg
#########################################################
# Linux Host 001 configuration file
#########################################################

define host {
        use                          linux-server
        host_name                    Linux_Host_001
        alias                        Linux Host 001
        address                      192.168.1.11
        register                     1
}
define service{
      host_name                       Linux_Host_001
      service_description             PING
      check_command                   check_ping!100.0,20%!500.0,60%
      max_check_attempts              2
      check_interval                  2
      retry_interval                  2
      check_period                    24x7
      check_freshness                 1
      contact_groups                  admins
      notification_interval           2
      notification_period             24x7
      notifications_enabled           1
      register                        1
}


#########################################################
# END OF FILE
#########################################################

Now verify configuration files using following command. If there are no errors found in configuration, restart nagios service.

# nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg
# service nagios restart

Step 3: Check Host in Nagios Web Interface

Open your nagios web interface and check for new Linux hosts added in nagios core service. In my case it looks like below.

Nagios-Linux-host

How to Monitor Remote Windows Host using Nagios

Nagios is most powerful infrastructure monitoring tools. Our earlier articles describes nagios core service installation and configure nagiosql with nagios core server. In this articles we are going to configure windows hosts to be monitor by Nagios server.

Similar to NRPE service on Linux, NSClinet++ is the service for windows hosts to monitor through check_nrpe from nagios server. “How to Install and Configure NSClient++ and Monitor Remote Windows Host

Step 1: Download and Install NSClient++

Download the latest version of NSClient from its official site and start installation as below. The software will be named NSCP-xxxxxx.msi. During installation process, you would require to enter nagios server to allow server to connect nsclient through nrpe.

START the installation using .msi file

nsclient-1

Accept the license terms and click Next

nsclient-2

Click on Complete setup type

nsclient-3

Select the permissions on nsclient++ configuration file

nsclient-4

Enter Nagios server ip in Allowed Hosts and enter password

nsclient-5

Click on Install button

nsclient-6

Finish Installation

nsclient-7

Step 2: Verify Connectivity from Nagios Server

After installing NSClient++ on your system. Let’s verify that your nagios server is properly connecting to windows client through nrpe service. To do this login to your nagios server and run following command. For example my windows client ip is 192.168.1.10.

# /usr/local/nagios/libexec/check_nrpe -H 192.168.1.10

[Sample Output]
I (0,4,1,105 2014-04-28) seem to be doing fine...

You nagios client setup has been completed on your windows host. Now you can add this host in nagios server.

Step 3: Adding Host in Nagios using Configuration File

We recommend to use NagiosQL3 for configuration nagios. It provides a user friendly web interface for managing your nagios service. In case you are not using nagiosql and want to add your host in nagios server.

Create a configuration file/usr/local/nagios/etc/servers/MyWindowsHost001.cfg using below values. for example you windows hosts ip is 192.168.1.10. We also need to define a service with host. So add a ping check service, which will continuously check that host is up.

#########################################################
# Windows Host 001 configuration file
#########################################################

define host {
        use                          windows-server
        host_name                    Windows_Host_001
        alias                        Windows Host 001
        address                      192.168.1.10
        register                     1
}
define service{
      host_name                       Windows_Host_001
      service_description             PING
      check_command                   check_ping!100.0,20%!500.0,60%
      max_check_attempts              2
      check_interval                  2
      retry_interval                  2
      check_period                    24x7
      check_freshness                 1
      contact_groups                  admins
      notification_interval           2
      notification_period             24x7
      notifications_enabled           1
      register                        1
}


#########################################################
# END OF FILE
#########################################################

Now verify configuration files using following command. If there are no errors found in configuration, restart nagios service.

# nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg
# service nagios restart

Now open your nagios web interface and check for new hosts added in nagios core service. In my case it looks like below.

add-host-in-nagios

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Posted on June 14, 2015, in Linux (Ubuntu/CentOS). Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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