Getting started with GNS3 (Installation and configuration)

Up & Running With GNS3 1.X

How to Setup GNS3

Adding your own PC to GNS3 with MS Loopback

MicroNugget: GNS3 and Windows 8

MicroNugget: How to Tune GNS3 to Avoid a 100% CPU Utilization?

MicroNugget: Connecting Virtual Box Hosts to GNS3 Networks

MicroNugget: Virtual PC Simulators & GNS3

MicroNugget: Using Wireshark with GNS3

MicroNugget: Connecting GNS3 to the Internet

MicroNugget: The ASA in GNS3

How To Install GNS3 1.0 on Windows 8.1

GNS3 1.0 was released to the world on October 21st, 2014. I have been using previous versions of GNS3 for some time now to simulate networks and to practice for my Cisco certifications. For those of you who aren’t familiar with GNS3, it is an application that allows you to build networks for free. The caveat there is you need to supply the images for your equipment. GNS3 supports Cisco, Juniper, HP, Arista, Citrix, and Brocade (as specified on their site, gns3.com. You build out a virtual lab which means there is no need to purchase physical hardware.

Before getting started, you’ll need to sign up on GNS3‘s website. Once you have an account. You can download GNS3. Click on the Windows download button to begin.

Download GNS3 for Windows

Once you open the installation file, click through the standard setup screen and agreement until you get to the Choose Components section.


How to Install GNS3

GNS3 Components

Select all the components you will need – almost everything. SolarWinds is a new application packaged with GNS3. If you already have some of the components installed, such as Wireshark, you can uncheck it.

Location of Installation

After completing installation, Start GNS3.

Upon opening GNS3, you will be prompted to save your new project locally or in the cloud. For the purposes of setting up GNS3 I will skip this.

Store GNS3 project files locally or in the cloud

Click on Edit and then Preferences.

Editing preferences of GNS3

Expand Dynamips and select IOS routers.

Add new IOS images

This is where you must supply your IOS image. I cannot supply these images for you. Click on New to add your image.

Add new IOS image in GNS3

Enter the name of the Image and its platform.

Add a name and platform

Set the amount of RAM to be allocated to IOS.

Allocated ram

Select the default adapters you want installed for each new instance of this device.

The default adapters for the template

After you finish, the router will be displayed with its settings.

List of images

Click on the General tab to view your settings. Make any changes as you see fit.

GNS3 General Preferences

The Console applications tab is where you can configure what application is to be used to console into your devices within GNS3.

Putty for console

The Packet capture tab displays your settings for capturing traffic on links between your devices within GNS3. Notice the capture analyzer command using SolarWindows Response Time Viewer.

Wireshark for packet capture

Click OK to close the Preferences window.

The big window in the middle of GNS3 is your topology view. This is wear you drag and drop devices from the left menu item.

GNS3 Main Window

To add a device, click on one of the symbols on the left and drag and drop the IOS image you’ve uploaded to GNS3.

Click and drag

The Topology Summary window will display a list of all your devices. A red orb signifies a device that is off. A green orb means the device is on.

Right click on your device and click on Start to turn on your device. Right click again and select Console to bring up Putty to manage your device.

Device Menu

Happy labbing!

GNS3 1.2.1 installation on Ubuntu 14.04

As mentioned in an earlier post GNS3 is moving ahead fast. Currently at version 1.2.1 the GNS3 is looking great. Compared with the version 1.0 Beta 1 which I had installed, the 1.2.1 is not only more stable, but it has the Menu more clean and compact. For example now there is only one Preferences menu where you can adjust all your settings.

During the installation of 1.0 Beta 1 I made some notes in Evernote and it prove to be very useful as the installation was pretty messy. With 1.2.1 I did the same thing, but the installation was very smooth. Still, I said that if I made those notes maybe I should share them for those interested in a quick installation. A more complete guide can be found on GNS3 Community.

1. Download GNS3 1.2.1

Head over to http://www.gns3.com/, create and account and download the bundle archive for Linux.

If you for some reason you don’t want to create an account, you may download each package individually from https://github.com/GNS3

The following lines will assume that you have the bundle archive.

2. Install Ubuntu 14.04 dependencies

3. Unzip the bundle archive

You should see 5 packages in GNS3-1.2.1 folder:
dynamips-0.2.14.zip
gns3-server-1.2.1.zip
gns3-gui-1.2.1.zip
iouyap-0.95.zip
vpcs-0.6.zip

4. Install Dynamips

To check if the correct version is install:

You should see in the output 0.2.14

5. Install GNS3 Server

To check if the GNS3 Server is installed correctly:

If you see some output other than an error, than you’re fine.

6. Install GNS3 GUI

To test if the installation is working:

You should see a graphical interface of GNS3 launched.

At this moment you have a working GNS3 environment if you want only want to test Cisco hardware emulators. I strongly recommend to continue and install also the rest of the components. Who knows when you’ll need them

7. Install IOUyap (Optional, if you will use IOU images)

To test the installation:

8. Install VPCS (Optional, if you want to use VirtualPC)

For the third line, the 64 represent 64bit, as my Ubuntu 14.04 is build on 64bit.
The values can be:
– 32 or i386 for 32bit OS
– 64 or amd64 for 64bit OS

Please be sure to use the correct one for your OS.

To test the VPCS:

You should see a Virtual PC being launched. Leave the console with letter q.

9. Install VirtualBox (Optional, if you want to launch VMs)

Download the correct version for your system from https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Linux_Downloads. The following lines will assume an Ubuntu 14.04 64bit OS.

You can also use the instructions at https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Linux_Downloads and go for an APT installation.The choice is yours.

10. Install Qemu (Optional, if you want to use qemu images)

11. Install IOU (Optional, if you want to use IOU images)

I’m not a legal matter expert, and the usage of IOU is sort of grey area. Because of this, I’m not going to cover this chapter.

You’re ready to go. Start the GNS3 GUI:

Some things to check before going live:

  • check in the menu Edit > Preferences to set your desired Paths (in General sections) and to check the paths for the binaries (dynamips, vpcs, iou, virtualbox…)
  • add the IOS, virtualbox vm, iou images
  • in case of Cisco hardware emulators don’t forget to find the IdlePC value (when you add the IOS image or later with the start of your first router with a certain image) otherwise your CPUs will cry.

If something does not work as described or you need help please let me know in Comments.

[Update 1]

If you get the following error during installation of iouyap:

Try to install the iniparser as follows:

then

and finally iouyap

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Posted on March 26, 2015, in GNS3, My Home lab(Hardware and Virtual Networks), VirtualBox and VMware. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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